Machine learning and artificial intelligence are two closely related fields of computer science that deal with the development of algorithms and statistical models that allow computers to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. 

Machine Learning

ML is a method of teaching computers to learn from data, without being explicitly programmed. It involves training a model, or algorithm, on a data set, and then using that model to make predictions or decisions about new data. There are several types of machine learning, including supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning.

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Supervised learning

Supervised learning is the most common type of machine learning, and involves training a model on a labeled dataset, where the correct output is provided for each input. The model then uses this information to make predictions about new, unseen data. Examples of supervised learning include image classification, where the model is trained on labeled images of objects and then used to identify objects in new images, and natural language processing, where the model is trained on labeled text data and then used to understand and generate human language.

Unsupervised learning

Unsupervised learning involves training a model on an unlabeled dataset where the correct output is not provided. Instead, the model must find patterns or structures in the data independently. Examples of unsupervised learning include clustering, where the model groups similar data points together, and dimensionality reduction, where the model reduces the number of features in a dataset.

Reinforcement learning

Reinforcement learning is a type of machine learning that involves training a model to make decisions in an environment where it receives feedback in the form of rewards or penalties. This is commonly used in robotics, gaming, and other applications where decision-making is important.

Artificial Intelligence

On the other hand, AI is the broader field that encompasses machine learning and other techniques for building intelligent systems. AI research aims to create machines that can perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence, such as understanding natural language, recognizing images, and playing games.

Summary

Machine learning is a subset of AI focusing on training models by feeding them with data. At the same time, AI, on the other hand, encompasses machine learning and other techniques to build intelligent systems that can perform tasks that would require human intelligence.

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